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Taman Tirta Gangga, Bali

tirta Gangga Royal Water Garden - BaliExperience-BG.com Day tour

On the island of Bali, in addition to countless Hindu temples, there are also wonderful gardens where you can immerse yourself in harmony and spiritual balance.

In the eastern part of the island, near the town of Amalpura, on an area of 1.2 hectares, there are the Tirta Ganga water gardens (Taman Tirta Gangga).

Built in 1948. commissioned by Anak Agung Anglura Ketut Karangasem, the last Balinese raja of the Karangasem dynasty. He himself studied architecture in the Netherlands and not only personally participated in the design of the site, but participated equally with the workers in the process of its construction.

The Tirta Ganga Gardens are a combination of Indonesian and Chinese architecture. Here, every element strives for symmetry and achieving the perfect balance, with every pond, fountain, stone path or bridge carrying its own symbolism.

tirta Gangga Royal Water Garden 2 - BaliExperience-BG.com Day tour

The gardens are built on three levels, symbolizing respectively the world of demons (Bhur), the world of humans (Bwah) and that of the gods (Swah).

At the top level (Swah), there is a natural spring springing from the sacred Banyan tree (ficus microcarpa). From Sanskrit, the name Tirta Gangga translates as "holy waters of the Ganga River", the most sacred of all rivers for Hindus, flowing from the braided hair of Shiva. For them, water is one of the five elements that make up the universe and has the power to purify the spirit. An elaborate water supply system was built to maintain the gardens.

On the same level are the Raja's palace, a meditation place, a swimming pool and several smaller ponds. Numerous statues of Hindu deities are located around. Locals believe that bathing on a full moon brings eternal youth. However, this cannot be verified as the gardens are closed to visitors after 18:00.

In the center of the whole complex, on the middle level (Bwah), symbolizing the world of people, rises the fountain (Nawa Sanga) on 11 levels, surrounded by statues, ponds and lots of greenery. It was built according to the traditions of the Ramayana and symbolizes the Hindu god Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa, the guardian of sacred water.

In the lowest level of the complex (Bhur), there is a stone path that winds through one of the water pools on the water surface itself. Large and colorful koi fish swim in the water.

tirta Gangga Royal Water Garden 3 - BaliExperience-BG.com Day tour

In 1963, during the eruption of the Agung volcano, the gardens were destroyed. The Raja tried to restore the complex, but died in 1966. and the work is stopped. Only at the end of the 20th century, with the help of donations, the gardens were returned to their former glory.

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